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About Bipolar Disorder

About Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder – is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings that include
emotional highs (mania or hypomania) and emotional lows (depression). Mood swings can
occur rarely or multiple times throughout the year. Some patients report emotional symptoms in
between episodes, while others do not. Although bipolar disorder is a life-long condition, you
can manage your mood swings and other symptoms be seeking help and following a treatment

Mania and hypomania are two distinct types of episodes, but they have the same symptoms.
Mania is more severe than hypomania and causes more noticeable problems at work, school and
social activities, as well as relationship difficulties. Mania may also trigger a break from reality
(psychosis) and require hospitalization.
Both a manic and a hypomanic episode include three or more of these symptoms:

  • Abnormally upbeat, jumpy or wired
  • Increased activity, energy or agitation
  • Exaggerated sense of well-being and self-confidence (euphoria)
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Unusual talkativeness
  • Racing thoughts
  • Distractibility
  • Poor decision-making — for example, going on buying sprees, taking sexual risks
    or making foolish investments

Major depressive episode
A major depressive episode includes symptoms that are severe enough to cause noticeable
difficulty in day-to-day activities, such as work, school, social activities or relationships. An
episode includes five or more of these symptoms:

  • Depressed mood, such as feeling sad, empty, hopeless or tearful (in children and
    teens, depressed mood can appear as irritability)
  • Marked loss of interest or feeling no pleasure in all — or almost all — activities
  • Significant weight loss when not dieting, weight gain, or decrease or increase in
    appetite (in children, failure to gain weight as expected can be a sign of depression)
  • Either insomnia or sleeping too much
  • Either restlessness or slowed behavior
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or excessive or inappropriate guilt
  • Decreased ability to think or concentrate, or indecisiveness
  • Thinking about, planning or attempting suicide

Bipolar 1-Characterized by at least one manic episode that may be followed by a hypomanic or
depressive episode.
Bipolar 2-Characterized by at least one major depressive episode, and at least one hypomanic
episode. No history of full-blown mania.
Mixed Episode-Characterized by depressive symptoms occurring with signs and symptoms of

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